This is quite simply a list of royalties of Europe who were alive at any time between 1860 and 1918. Males and females are listed in separate posts, and the blog begins at the end of the alphabet so that eventually, when it is completed, it will read in alphabetical order. Where there are numerous royalties with the same first name, they are listed chronologically.
Occasional quotations or snippets of information about the royalties are are also included.
Where the Christian name begins with Marie or Maria, the person is often listed under the second part of her name (e.g. Marie Antoinette - had she lived in this period - would be listed under 'A' with 'Marie' written in brackets after Antoinette).
As the information is gathered from numerous sources, there might be irregularity of spelling the name according to the Anglicised, Germanic, French etc. etc. spelling. All the Karls/Carls/Charles for example are listed together.
As this is a work in progress, some of the dates etc. will be filled in later.

As well as the list of names etc. various other lists will be included. Please use the search function to find specific people.

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Sunday, 21 November 2010

Frederick, Friedrich, Fritz etc. Part 1

Frederick August, Prince of Hohenlohe Oehringen

Born: 1784

Married: Louise of Wurttemberg (1789-1857)

Children: Frederick, Frederike, William, Felix

Died: 1853

Frederick William IV, King of Prussia

Born: 15 October 1795, Berlin

Son of: Frederick William III and Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

Married: Elizabeth of Bavaria (1801-1878)

1858: A stroke left him unable to rule so his brother, Wilhelm, became regent.

Died: 1 January 1861, Potsdam

I never saw so lamentable an object…he was lying in his bath chair his left hand and arm which he has quite lost the use of as well as both his legs tied up in cloths…he can neither speak nor look at anyone as he has lost the power of directing his eyes…you never saw anything so sad.” (Crown Princess Victoria, 1860)

Frederick Augustus II
, King of Saxony

Born: 18 May 1797, Dresden

Son of: Maximilian (1759-1838) & Carolina of Bourbon-Parma (1770-1894)

Married: 1) Caroline of Austria (1801-1832)
2) Marie Amelie of Bavaria (1805-1877)

Died when he fell in front of a horse which stood on his head: 9 August 1854

The family is...extremely united and accustomed to a very simply family life, so was the good late King Frederick Augustus.” (Queen Victoria 1858)

Frederick, Prince of the Netherlands

Born: 28 February 1797, Berlin

Son of: William I & Wilhelmina of Prussia

Married: Louise of Prussia (1808-1878)

Children: Louise

Died: 8 September 1881, Wassennaar

Frederick, Prince of Anhalt

Born: 1799, Dessau

Son of: Frederick (1769-1814) & Amelie of Hesse-Homburg (1774-1846)

Married: Marie Louise of Hesse-Kassel (1814-1895)

Children: Adelaide, Bathildis, Hilda

Died 1864, Dessau

Frederick William, Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen

Born: 1801

Son of: Hermann, and Countess Louise de Merode

Married: Eugenie of Leuchtenburg

Died: 1869

Frederick, Prince of Saxe-Altenburg

Born: 1801

Son of: Frederick of Saxe-Hildburghausen (1763-1834) & Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1769-1818)

Died: 1870

Frederick William, Elector of Hesse-Kassel

Born: 1802

Married: Gertrude Falkenstein, Countess von Hanau (1803-1882) Morganatic marriage

Children: Alexandra, William

Lost his throne in 1866

Died: 1875

Frederick VII, King of Denmark

Born: 6 October, 1808

Son of: Christian VIII & Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

Married: 1) Wilhelmine of Denmark. Divorced 1837
2) Caroline of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Divorced 1846
3) Louise Rasmussen (1814-1874)

Died: 1863

(His last wife was probably having an affair with a man who was also Frederick’s lover. He allegedly married Louise in order to maintain the happy menage a trois with her and his male lover??)

Frederick, Prince of Wurttemberg

Born: 21 February 1808

Son of: Paul (1785-1852) & Charlotte of Saxe-Hildburghausen (1787-1847)

Married: Catherine of Wurttemberg (1821-1898)

Children: William

Died: 9 May 1870, Stuttgart

Frederick, Prince of Hohenlohe-Oehringen

Born: 1812

Son of: Frederick August (1784-1853) & Louise of Wurttemberg (1789-1851)

Married: Mathilde von Breuning (1821-1896)

Renounced his rights: 1842

Died: 1891

Frederick, Prince of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg

Born: 23 October 1814, Schleswig

Son of: William? & Louise Daneskyold of Hesse-Kassel

Married: Adelaide of Schaumburg-Lippe (1821-1899)

Children: Augusta, Frederick Ferdinand, Louise, Marie, Albrecht

Died: 27 November 1885

Frederick William, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

Born: 1819

Son of: George (1779-1860) & Wilhelmina of Hesse

Married: Augusta of Cambridge

Children: Adolphus

Died: 25 May 1904

He is not an easy patient to manage…he has such odd fancies, he makes poor me answerable for impossible things and if ever I give in for a day, to rest, he is angry and will not understand, that his his health makes me anxious or depresses me; poor man, he never understood me…” (His wife, Grand Duchess Augusta)

It is unluckily his way not to make any show of affection but his icy abord & reserve are more than trying & must exasperate you..” (Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge)

Frederick William, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel

Born: 1820

Son of: William (1787-1867) & Charlotte of Denmark (1769-1864)

Married: 1) Alexandra of Russia (1825-1844 - died in childbirth – the baby died, too).
Children: William (the baby who died)
2) Anna of Prussia (1836-1918)
Children: Frederick William, Elizabeth, Alexander Frederick, Frederick Karl

Died: 1884

I am not at all surprised at your finding Prince F. of Hesse very disagreeable; we saw him several times in England, and always thought him so; even the Duchess of Cambridge (whose nephew he is) and certainly Cousin Mary disliked him. And yet some years ago the Duchess told me she thought he would be a good husband for you!!” (Queen Victoria, to her daughter, Vicky 1858)

Frederick Franz II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

Born: 28 February 1823, Ludwigslust

Son of: Paul (1800-1842) & Alexandra of Prussia (1803-1892)

Married: 1) Augusta Reuss of Kostritz (1822-1862)
Children: Frederick Franz, Paul Frederick, Marie, Nicholas, Johann, Alexander
2) Anna of Hesse (1843-1865)
Children: Anna
3) Marie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (1850-1922)
Children: Elizabeth, Frederick William, Adolf, Heinrich

Died: 15 April 1883, Schwerin

He did a lot to improve schools, churches etc.

Frederick I, Grand Duke of Baden

Born: 9 September 1824, Karlsruhe

Son of: Karl Leopold (1790-1832) & Sophie of Sweden (1801-1865)

Married: Louise of Prussia (1838-1923)

Children: Frederick, Victoria, Ludwig, Wilhelm

Died: 23 September 1907, Hanau

“He is quite charming. Il a un charme indicible, and Louise is fortunate indeed.” (Queen Victoria)

Frederick Karl, Prince of Prussia

Born: 1828

Son ofK Karl of Prussia and Marie of Saxe-Weimar

Married: Marianne of Anhalt

Children: Louise, Frederick Leopold, Elizabeth

Died: 1885

He despises women, and will not lose that feeling until he finds one that is his match and tells him the truth.” (Crown Princess Victoria)

The ménage of Fritz Karl is much talked about…neither he not Marianne do anything to prove that they are false remarks.” (Crown Princess Victoria)

Frederick, Prince of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (‘Fritz Holstein’)

Born: 1829

Son of: Christian (1798-1869) & Louise of Danneskyold-Samsoe (1796-1867)

Married: Adelaide of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (1835-1900)

Children: Frederick, Augusta, Caroline, Mathilde, Gerhard, Ernst Gunther, Louise Sophie, Feodora

Died: 1880

He is so sensible and clever and you can talk to him about anything.” (Queen Victoria)

I had a feeling of admiration and veneration for his virtues, his noble and excellent character, the patience and dignity with which he bore his misfortunes…a man so honest, so conscientious and so patriotic.” (Crown Princess Victoria of Prussia 1880)

Frederick III, German Emperor

Born: 18 October 1831, Potsdam

Son of: William of Prussia and Augusta of Saxe-Weimar

Married: Victoria of Great Britain (1840-1901)

Children: William, Charlotte, Henry, Victoria Moretta, Sigismund, Waldemar, Sophie, Margaret

Died of throat cancer: 15 June 1888, Potsdam

He is really so excellent, it is a pleasure to look t his dear good face; and he is worked so hard - no health can stand it in the long run.” (Princess Alice, his sister-in-law)

Darling beloved Fritz, I loved him so dearly. He was so kind to me always…I seem him always before me with those beautiful loving blue eyes.” (Queen Victoria)


  1. Sorry to say; too many wrong informations about the photos.

    Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach and Montenegro f.i. but many more in here.
    Jan-Olof Larsson

  2. Thanks for your comment. It's a work in progress and I appreciate that many corrections need to be made but I just haven't had time to get back to it.

    I appreciate your comment, too, thank you :-)