This is quite simply a list of royalties of Europe who were alive at any time between 1860 and 1918. Males and females are listed in separate posts, and the blog begins at the end of the alphabet so that eventually, when it is completed, it will read in alphabetical order. Where there are numerous royalties with the same first name, they are listed chronologically.
Occasional quotations or snippets of information about the royalties are are also included.
Where the Christian name begins with Marie or Maria, the person is often listed under the second part of her name (e.g. Marie Antoinette - had she lived in this period - would be listed under 'A' with 'Marie' written in brackets after Antoinette).
As the information is gathered from numerous sources, there might be irregularity of spelling the name according to the Anglicised, Germanic, French etc. etc. spelling. All the Karls/Carls/Charles for example are listed together.
As this is a work in progress, some of the dates etc. will be filled in later.

As well as the list of names etc. various other lists will be included. Please use the search function to find specific people.

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Sunday, 7 November 2010

Male L (Excluding Ludwig/Louis/Luiz - who are in separate posts)

Ladislas, Prince Czartoryski

Born: 1828

Married: Marguerite of Orleans (1846-1893)

Children: Adam

Died: 1894

Lennart, Prince of Sweden, Duke of Smaland

Born: 1909

Son of: William (1884-1965) & Maria Pavlovna of Russia (1890-1958)

Married: 1) Karin Nissvandt (1911-1991)
2) Sonja Hauntz (b. 1944)

Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden, born 1790 – see Karl

Leopoldo, Prince of the Two Sicilies

Born: 2 July 1790, Naples

Son of: Ferdinand I (1751-1825) & Caroline of the Holy Roman Empire (1752-1814)

Married: Maria Clementina of Austria (1798-1881)

Children: Maria Carolina, Lodovico

Died: 10 March 1851, Naples

Leopold I, King of the Belgians

Born: 16 December 1790, Coburg

Son of: Franz of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha & Augusta of Reuss Ebersdorff

Married: 1) Charlotte of Great Britain (1796-1817)
2) Louise of Orleans (1812-1850)
Children: Louis Philippe, Leopold, Philippe, Charlotte

Died:10 December 1865, Laeken

The regret for Uncle Leopold is universal - he stood so high in the eyes of all parties; his life was a history in itself…Oh it is so sad and he is such a loss!” (Princess Alice)

“…his end seems to have been so quiet and peaceful. Marie meant well no doubt in announcing to him that he was about o die and calling upon him to confess his sins…Dear Uncle’s career has closed in a way so worthy of his public life - and leaves a name behind him which will always form a bright exception from other sovereigns of his day on the continent…” (Crown Princess Victoria of Prussia)

Leopold IV, Duke of Anhalt

Born: 1794, Dessau

Son of: Frederick (1769-1814) & Amelie of Hesse-Homburg (1774-1846)

Married: Frederike of Prussia (1796-1850)

Children: Agnes, Frederick, Marie Anne

Died: 1871, Dessau

Leopold II, Prince of Lippe-Detmold

Born: 1796

Son of: Leopold (1767-1802) & Pauline of Anhalt (1769-1820)

Married: Emile of Schwarzburg-Sonderhausen (1800-1867)

Children: Leopold, Waldemar, Alexander + 6 others.

Died: 1851

Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany

Born: 3 October 1797, Florence

Married: 1) Maria Anna of Saxony (1799-1832)
Children: Maria Carolina, Auguste, Maria
2) Antoinette of the Two Sicilies (1814-1898)
Children: Isabella, Ferdinand, Karl Salvatore, Louis

Abdicated: 21 July 1859

Died: 30 January 1870, Rome

Leopold, Prince of Bourbon-Sicily

Born: 22 May 1813, Palermo

Son of: Francis of the Two Sicilies (1777-1830) & Maria Isabella of Spain (1789-1848)

Married: Maria of Savoy-Carignano (1814-1874)

Children: Isabella

Died: 4 December 1860, Pisa

Leopold II, Prince of Lippe-Detmold

Born: 1821, Detmold

Son of: Leopold II (1796-1851) & Emile of Schwarzburg-Sonderdausen (1800-1867)

Married: Elizabeth of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (1833-1896)

Died: 1875, Detmold

Leopold, Prince of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha-Kohary

Born: 1824

Son of: Ferdinand Saxe-Coburg and Antoinette Kohary

Died: 1884

Leopold, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen

Born: 27 September 1835, Krauchenweis

Son of: Karl Anton, and Josephine of Baden

Married: Antonia of Portugal (1845-1913)

Children: Karl Anton, William, Ferdinand

Died: 8 June 1905, Berlin

What a charming young man he is and how fortunate Antonia will be if she marries him…I feel as if he quite belonged to us…Oh! If only he were not a R.C.!!” (Queen Victoria)

Leopold II, King of the Belgians

Born: 9 April 1835, Brussels

Son of: Leopold I (1790-1865) & Louise of Orleans (1812-1850)

Married: 1) Marie Henrietta of Austria (1836-1902)
Children: Louise, Leopold, Stephanie, Clementine
2) Blanche Delacroix (1883-1948) – Morganatic marriage.
Children: Lucien, Philippe
Died: 17 December 1909, Laeken

“He is very odd and so fond of saying disagreeable things to people.” (Queen Victoria)

He seemed very nervous & frightened of [Queen Victoria] and sat twisting his hands like a schoolboy. It was curious that she should like him because his morals were notorious, but the Queen seemed to overlook this.” (Frederick Ponsonby)

He can only shake hands with two fingers as his nails are so long that he dare not run the risk of injuring them. He is an unctuous old monster, very wicked I believe, we imagine he thinks a visit to the Queen gives him a fresh coat of whitewash, otherwise why does he travel five hundred miles in order to partake of lunch?” (Marie Mallet)

Leopold, Prince of Lippe-Biesterfeld

Born: 1846, Obercassel

Son of: Julius, Count of Lippe (1812-1884) & Adelheid of Castell (1818-1900)

Married: Countess Frieda von Schwerin (1867-1945)

Died: 1908, Hiedelberg

Leopold, Prince of Bavaria

Born: 1846

Son of: Luitpold, and Augusta of Tuscany

Married: Gisela of Austria (1856-1932)

Children: Auguste

Died: 1930

Leopold, Prince of the Two Sicilies

Born: 7 January 1853, Naples

Son of: Francis di Paola (1827-1892) & Isabella of Tuscany (1789-1848)

Died: 1 September 1860, Rome

Leopold of Great Britain, Duke of Albany

Born: 1853

Son of: Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (1819-1861) & Queen Victoria (1819-1901)

Married: Helen of Waldeck-Pyrmont (1861-1922)

Children: Alice, Charles Edward

Died following a fall – he suffered from haemophilia – 1884, Cannes

[He}is very clever, taking interest in and understanding everything. He learns, besides French and German, Latin, Greek and Italian; is very fond of music and drawing, takes much interest in politics – in short everything.” (Queen Victoria)

“...he holds himself still as badly as ever and is very ugly, I think uglier even than he was, but it is a great pity he holds himself so ill for he has a fine figure with very fine limbs and chest - like Alfred. He is a very clever, amusing, but very absurd child.” (Queen Victoria)

, Hereditary Duke of Anhalt

Born: 1855, Dessau

Son of: Frederick I (1831-1904) & Antoinette of the Two Sicilies (1838-1908)

Married: Elizabeth of Hesse-Kassel (1861-1955)

Children: Antoinette

Died: 1886, Cannes

Leopold of Belgium, Duke of Brabant

Born: 12 June 1859, Laeken

Son of: Leopold II (1835-1909) & Marie Henrietta of Austria (1836-1902)

Died: 22 January 1869, Laeken

Is not the death of Leopold’s son shocking? Such suffering, such a struggle for months between life and death; and for the poor parents to have in the end to relinquish their child, their only son!” (Queen Victoria)

Leopold Salvatore, Archduke of Austria

Born: 1863

Married: Blanche of Spain

Died: 1931

Leopold, Hereditary Prince of Isenburg & Budingden

Born: 1866

Married: Olga of Saxe-Weimar Eisenach

Renounced his title in 1898

Died: 1933

Leopold, Archduke of Austria Tuscany

Born: 1868

Son of: Ferdinand (1835-1908) & Alicia of Bourbon-Parma

Married: 1) Wilhelmine Abramovic (1877-1908)
2) Maria Ritter (1977-1938)
3) Clara Groger (1910-1941)

Renounced his title 20 December 1902 and became Leopold Wolfling

Died: 1935

Leopold IV, Prince of Lippe

Born: 30 May 1871, Obercassel

Son of: Count Ernst of Lippe-Biesterfel (1842-1904) & Karoline von Wartensleben (1844-1905)

Married: 1) Bertha of Hesse-Philippsthal (1874-1919)
Children: Ernst, Leopold, Karoline, Chlodwig, Sieglinde
2) Anna of Isenburg & Budingden (1886-1980)
Children: Armin

Died: 30 December 1949, Detmold

Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Duke of Saxony

Born: 19 July 1878, Szent

Son of: Philip (1844-1921) & Louise of Belgium (1858-1924)

Murdered by a girlfriend: 27 April 1916 Vienna

Leopold, Prince of Battenberg

Born: 1889

Son of: Henry, and Beatrice of Great Britain

Died: 1922 (Possibly haemophiliac?)

“Really a very pretty child.”
(Queen Victoria)

Little Leopold is my special favourite. ‘I love you, I do,’ he said to me yesterday, bringing me a bunch of white violets, ‘I picked them for you because I love you.’” (Empress Frederick)

Leopold, Prince of Saxe-Altenburg

Born: 1897

Son of: Edward (1861-1918) & Louise of Saxe-Altenburg (1873-1953)

Died: 1898

Leopold III, King of the Belgians

Born: 3 November 1911, Brussels

Son of: King Albert I (1875-1934) & Elizabeth in Bavaria (1976-1965)

Married: 1) Astrid of Sweden (1905-1935)
Children: Josephine, Baudouin, Albert
2) Lilian Baels (1916-2002)
Children: Alexander, Marie Christine, Marie Esmerelda

Abdicated: 1951

Died: 23 September 1983, Brussels

Leopold, Prince of Lippe

Born: 19 May 1904, Detmold

Son of: Leopold IV (1871-1949) & Bertha of Hesse-Philippsthal (1874-1919)

Died: 5 July 1964, Detmold

Leopold Frederick, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe

Born: 21 February 1910, Nachod

Son of: Frederick (1868-1945) & Antoinette of Anhalt (1885-1963)


  1. Why is Leopold von Lippe-Biesterfeld (married countess Frederike von Schwerin) registered as PRINCE?? He is a son of a COUNT.

    When became he the title of PRINCE??

  2. Thank you for commenting. I have also been confused by this but have seen him listed as a prince, as were 2 of his brothers, in several lists including one on the (often unreliable) wikipedia page for Julius.

    1. Julius Ernst Rudolf Frederik Frans Victor von Lippe Biesterfeld was count too, but that is changed in 1905 to Prince. His two childs became that title in 1916 too. Maybe that in the family of Leopold is was the same.

      His brother Friedrich Wilhelm was marrided Gisela von Ysenburg Budingen; I thought he became prince by marriage. But looking at it it must be a mistake.

      It could be that in 1905 when the von Lippe-Biesterfeld became "F├╝rst von Lippe" that the whole family became the title of Prince. But than it is strange that Rudolf Wolfgang isn't noticed as Prince.
      His youngest brother Friedrich Karl is noticed as prince!